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Wednesday, July 6, 2022

Your home against climate change

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More than 80% of existing buildings in Spain receive a poor energy efficiency rating, according to the certificate that measures this building quality. The housing stock requires reforms that reduce energy consumption and make it more sustainable. Its age – more than half of the buildings pre-1980 – also requires updating elements such as boilers, insulation and lighting, which are determinants of the monthly bill and environmental footprint.

According to experts, these factors open a huge window to clean up the 25 million homes in Spain that are responsible for 30% of CO₂ emissions. Pedro Prieto, director of energy conservation and efficiency at the Institute for Energy Diversification and Conservation (IDAE), affiliated with the Ministry for Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge, foresees that the new European EU funds will help the next generation renovate more than a million houses in the next ten years: “The bad scenario that we assumed offers us a lot of potential for energy savings. The impact of these reforms is estimated at an average reduction in energy consumption of over 40%.”

Communities of neighbors and owners can rehabilitate their homes and buildings through these European funds. The amount of aid granted depends on the level of energy savings achieved through the reforms. These discounts are articulated in two ways: through Income Tax Deductions (IRPF) the amounts invested in the clean-up work; And through Subsidies towards the cost of the work. In both cases, the beneficiaries must provide the invoices for these interventions.

These actions are supported by the Remediation Officers, third-party companies that manage and carry out the work. Juan Antonio Gómez-Pintado, president of Rehabiterm, a company in the housing sector and registered rehabilitation agent, reiterates that the role of companies like his is to free citizens who are encouraged by these reforms of paperwork and paperwork: “We are localizing the communities of owners, we study the buildings, we analyze the energy saving capacity and we implement the project”.

He knows all sides of the coin in detail.

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According to the energy calculator offered by this company, a job consisting of upgrading the lighting in common areas with LED lamps and improving the insulation of a building with ten apartments is estimated to save 80% of the total costs. Salvador Díez Lloris, President of the General Council of Associations of Property Administrators (CGCAF), provides more information on this system: “The amounts available to the user are high. When savings scales are exceeded, aid is high and with guarantees.

His company manages the grants and funding and the execution of the work. Rehabiterm and the other redevelopment agencies work hand in hand with the so-called redevelopment offices, official organizations in the industry such as chambers of architects or surveying offices. The aim is to respond quickly and efficiently to the needs of each community of owners. Gómez-Pintado talks about how technology has streamlined these processes: “For example, we use a laser that shoots two million points onto a facade and in less than two minutes we have a 1:1 scale plan with millimeter errors that we upload to the program.”

The time to start

These measures lead to noticeable savings in the short and long term. “With a good shell on the facade and roofs, savings of 30% are possible,” explains Gómez-Pintado. Maria C. Cocchiara of ANERR’s engineering department emphasizes that there are double benefits: “In addition to what is gained by getting the work done, there are savings in energy costs and future bills.” There is also an increase in the value of your home. “Investing in reform adds value to property to a greater extent than what has been brought in,” Gómez-Pintado sums up. Improvements that lead to potentially better sales and rental prices.

The current context is also conducive to the renovation of a home. “The energy crisis shows that those who are not efficient have a problem. Given the volatility of prices, this is no longer an inconvenience but a necessity,” continues Díaz Llorís. Some neighborhood communities, he adds, have paid more on their energy bills in two and a half months than they have in a whole year.

Experts agree that European funds are a great opportunity, but there is still a lack of pedagogy to convince owners to overcome obstacles such as laziness in the face of this type of intervention or the initial financial outlay involved. “We have a well-matched supply, but a more complicated demand. Many congregations could not meet due to the pandemic, for example. Others pay extraordinary spills. You have to make accounts,” continues Díez Lloris.

100% renovation by 2050

In this context, public-private cooperation becomes important again, embodied in official bodies and rehabilitation agencies, but also in banks. Everyone is doing their part to help achieve one of the European Union’s goals: that by 2050, 100% of the building stock will be refurbished and renovated.

Carmen Urraca, Director of European Funds at Banco Sabadell, explains that her role is to guide and encourage communities of residents and owners to take advantage of the current opportunity: “In the past, these projects tended to be complicated because they require a number of licenses and acquisition costs, which they had to finance from community funds. But today, with European help, it’s cheaper and more accessible than ever. We want to be at the side of the owners and make their way easier.”

The banking company, which works hand-in-hand with several rehabilitation agencies, provides its customers with various loan options to finance the amount of these reforms after deductions and grants. In addition, each client can contact its network of area offices or its specialized managers to resolve any doubts and Find out more about the European funds Next Generation EU.

Aid for the ecological transition available

Demonstrate

For own consumption and storage possibilities

ACTIVE

One of the most important items of the energy transition, 660 million euros, expandable to 1,320 million depending on needs, is used for the promotion of plants Self-consumption with renewable sources. Three actions stand out within the plan: subsidies for self-consumption of electricity (with a minimum of 20% of the budget and a higher amount for municipalities with a demographic challenge and the self-employed); Self-consumption of thermal renewable energy (with support for SMEs between 40% and 45%); and biomass boilers (with a subsidy ranging from 550 euros to 13,500 euros per household depending on the technology used).

Demonstrate

For the purchase of vehicles with sustainable drives (MOVEMENTS)

ACTIVE

€400 million plan (expandable to 800 by 2023) to support the purchase of electric, plug-in hybrid and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, as well as support urban charging infrastructure.

The aid finances the purchase of vehicles and private charging systems (MOVEMENTSIII), the acquisition of vehicle fleets (MOVE FLEET), good practices in mobility (SINGLE MOVEMENTS) or the change of heavy transport vehicles managed by the autonomous communities with a budget from the Ministry of Transport, Mobility and Urban Development. In general, the larger the number of vehicles, the larger the subsidy.

Demonstrate

For the energetic refurbishment of buildings in municipalities with demographic challenges (PREE 5000)

ACTIVE

Aid of 50 million euros for energy rehabilitation such as improving the thermal envelope of buildings, the energy efficiency of thermal installations or lighting systems. Funding can exceed 60% of the budget. Additional assistance will be considered for vulnerable groups.

Demonstrate

For investments in clean energy projects in communities facing demographic challenges (DUS 5000)

ACTIVE

To speed up the Sustainable urban development (DUS), this program received nearly a thousand requests from local entities in communities facing demographic challenges in just one week, prompting the Department of Ecological Transition and Demographic Challenge to increase the budget from 75 million to 325 million. The plan finances renewable electricity and heat generation systems, improvements to the thermal envelope of municipal buildings, electromobility or demand management systems. The subsidy starts at 85% and can reach 100% of the investment.

Demonstrate

For building energy communities

ACTIVE

Around EUR 100 million will be made available from the EU fund Next Generation for the creation of energy communities and divided into three programmes: CE-Learn, CE-Plan and CE implementation. The goal is to facilitate the creation of these communities from the ground up, a process supported by the network of Community Transformation Offices.

Demonstrate

For energy efficiency in industry and agriculture

ACTIVE

These grants aim to reduce energy consumption in companies industrial Y agricultural. In addition to SMEs, beneficiaries include irrigation communities, owners of irrigated farms or agricultural associations. The average grant is 30% of the investment.

Businesses and freelancers must turn to the autonomous communities to request help since they are the ones who administer the programs.

credits

composition: Jaime Ripa

Editorial coordination: Juan Antonio Carbajo

Draft: John Sanchez

Layout: crib

Design coordination: Adolf Domenech


Source elpais.com

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