Status: 07/20/2022 2:40 p.m.
West Germans and men generally receive higher wages and salaries. However, the gap has narrowed significantly in recent times.
The income gap between western and eastern Germany has narrowed. According to an assessment by the Federal Employment Agency, wages and salaries in the East were 619 euros lower than in the West last year. The previous year, the difference was 650 euros. The gap has thus been reduced by nearly five percent. The gap between men’s and women’s incomes also narrowed: men received on average 373 euros more than women. In 2017, the difference was 452 euros.
The median salary increases by 2.6%
For the assessment, the Federal Agency calculated the median salaries of all full-time employees subject to social security contributions. This means that half of employees earn a salary below this median salary, the other half above it.
Last year, according to calculations by the Federal Employment Agency, the median salary increased from 89 to 3516 euros compared to the previous year, an increase of 2.6%. After only a slight increase in 2020, the plus was again at a similar level to previous years.
Hamburg, Baden-Württemberg and Hesse ahead
In East Germany, median wages and salaries crossed the €3,000 threshold for the first time to €3,007. In West Germany, employees earned 3626 euros. Wages and salaries were highest in Hamburg, Baden-Württemberg and Hesse. The lowest were paid in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Thuringia and Saxony-Anhalt.
While profits in some sectors have fallen in 2020 due to the pandemic, they have increased again in all sectors of the economy in 2021. The strongest growths are in information and communication technologies, qualified services and health. Wages in the production of household goods such as food or clothing, in public administration and in the metal and electrical industry increased the least.