Joint pain is a fairly common symptom in older people, which causes constant discomfort in a specific part of the body, or even in several, affecting their quality of life.
Joint pain initially manifests as signs of fatigue, inflammation and difficulty moving. Even when the pain becomes chronic and muscle discomfort spreads, it can be difficult to fall asleep at night.
However, advanced or chronic joint disease can lead to more significant problems, crackling sounds (crepitus), balance problems, bone deformities, joint effusion, loss of muscle mass (muscle atrophy), localized redness and hyperthermia.
What to do?
How to treat joint pain depends on the type of disease and the stage of the disease. First, bone and joint pain medications, physiotherapy, among other alternatives recommended by the attending physician, are usually considered.
For example, pharmacological treatment consists of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce pain. Additionally, the attending physician usually recommends physical therapy exercises to help reduce pain, counteract loss of muscle function, and help maintain movement of the affected joint.
The key is prevention
Detecting the pathology as early as possible will prevent the disease from worsening or becoming chronic. Until then, the older we get, the more we can prevent this way:
- Do not carry excessive weight.
- Resort to the help of orthopedic elements that reduce joint problems.
- Try to maintain a healthy diet, which includes the necessary intake of calcium and vitamin D, essential for maintaining healthy bones, cartilage and muscles.
- Practice regular, moderate exercises to keep the joints in good condition.