When our teeth change, it can be linked to a health problem. doctor Jochen H. Schmidt explains in an interview.
Each of our 32 teeth is a small miracle. “If they crumble, become rough or yellowish-gray, flat or brittle, these are not always just age-related signs of wear”, underlines Dr. Jochen H. Schmidt, Dental Director of Carree Dental Cologne, in an interview with the press agency spot on news. It can also hide health problems. The expert explains.
“Abraded flat teeth, for example, can indicate considerable psychological strain. This is believed to be the main cause of bruxism, which is the medical term for teeth grinding. unpleasant things are said: we grind our teeth or we clench our teeth.
In addition to professional or private bereavements, alcohol and drugs, crooked teeth, ill-fitting crowns, fillings or dentures also cause us to grind our teeth at night and thus visibly damage them. Custom-made plastic splints that are worn during sleep provide relief. Relaxation exercises or psychotherapy can also help.
Crumbling milk teeth
“In many cases, the crumbling of children’s teeth is caused by the hitherto little-known but serious mineralization disorder MIH (molar incisor hypomineralization). Other typical symptoms are yellowish-white to brown discoloration of the first teeth permanent damage to the cheek (molars) and incisors (incisors) in the upper and lower jaw Scientists still debate the causes to this day: possible triggers include damage before birth or in the first years of life as well as infectious diseases such as measles or mumps.What helps?If the surface of the tooth is still intact, it is often enough to remove it to fluoridate locally.If parts of the tooth have already been destroyed, they must be completely extracted and restored to protect the remaining substance.In some cases, the only option is a crown or, in the worst case, the extraction of the tooth affected. This is important for MIH children regular check-ups (preferably every three months) accompanied by a professional dentist agree.
teeth and heartburn
“Broken and brittle teeth in adults often indicate reflux disease. In this very common disorder of the digestive tract, acidic contents of the stomach flow back into the esophagus due to a deficiency in the sphincter. This acid damages the teeth and tooth enamel. Typical symptoms are belching, heartburn and difficulty swallowing. Usually helps with drug therapy.”
Yellowish or yellow-gray teeth
“Yellowish or yellow-gray teeth and severe tooth wear are in most cases signs of aging. With age, there are more enamel cracks and wedge-shaped defects. These are the result of incorrect brushing technique and therefore destroyed areas of enamel.Hygiene is also essential at retirement age.If there is a high risk of root caries, the use of toothpastes containing fluoride and electric toothbrushes are recommended General examinations are also useful.
“Rough teeth indicate plaque or caries. If this penetrates the pulp, i.e. the pulp of the tooth, inflammation occurs and, as a result, severe pain – initially only most of the time temporarily, possibly permanently A clear sign of caries is brown or white spots on the enamel of the teeth Because this disease is characterized by decalcification of the tooth substance by the metabolic products of the bacteria Teeth sensitive to cold or heat can also be a sign. Ultimately, however, only the dentist can judge for sure. It is therefore recommended to have regular treatment check-ups.”
“Swollen and bleeding gums when brushing your teeth should not be trivialized. Because chronic inflammation of the periodontium causes the gums to recede over the years and in the long term damages the entire periodontium, including the jawbone. Germs can also enter the bloodstream via the foci of inflammation in the gums and so on cause diabetes, vascular calcification and heart attacks, among other things.It has been proven that people with periodontitis particularly often suffer from hypertension This can be reduced by effective treatment of periodontitis, as current studies show.”
“Despite all care, there are natural limits to attractiveness. After all, the basic color of the teeth is hereditary. Factors such as age or the thickness of the enamel layer also play a role : if the enamel becomes thinner over life, the dentin underneath shimmers more and more – thorough brushing or strong whitening will not help.”
Doctor Jochen H. Schmidt is dental director of Carrée Dental in Cologne. He holds the additional academic title of “Master of Science in Oral Implantology and Surgery”.