MADRID, AUGUST 10 (EDITIONS) –
The measures of the energy saving plan approved by the government and which came into force this Wednesday consist of the regulation of thermostats and lights.
From today, the air conditioning in large rooms, shops and public buildings must not be below 27 degrees Celsius. There will also be restrictions on heating there in winter, the temperature must not exceed 19 degrees. To maintain these measures, buildings and premises must automatically close their doors from September 30th.
On the other hand, the lighting of shops and their shop windows will be restricted from today until 10:00 p.m. and then have to be switched off. Public places and buildings are to be switched off when not in use.
WHO IS AFFECTED?
In general, this measure is applied to buildings and public spaces, shops and premises, since they are subject to the regulation on thermal installations and the law on lighting, which depends on the autonomous communities.
The regulations provide exceptions for places where a reasonable temperature must be maintained, such as B. Hospitals, fitness studios, educational centers, industry, kitchens or supermarkets.
WHICH AREAS DOES IT AFFECT?
The energy saving measures approved by the government apply throughout the national territory.
HOW LONG WILL THEY BE IN EFFECT?
These measures apply in principle until November 2023.
WHICH SANCTIONS ARE THERE FOR THOSE WHO DO NOT COMPLY?
Those spaces that fail to comply with government-approved energy-saving regulations face fines that can range up to €60,000 in the vast majority of cases, and between €6 million and €100 million for the most serious offences.
However, the Minister for Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge has assured that there will now be a transitional period during which there will be no sanctions for the time being.
HOW WERE THE RESPONSES TO THESE MEASURES?
The opposition to the government has opposed these measures from the start. The PP has asked the executive for a series of reports justifying the measures and explaining the impact they will have on the economy. The PP’s regional governments have also been reluctant to apply them, highlighting the Autonomous Community of Madrid, where Isabel Díaz Ayuso’s government will challenge them in the Constitutional Court for encroaching on regional powers.
On the other hand, retailers and hoteliers are also criticizing the planned energy saving measures, questioning their actual extent and claiming that this would inevitably result in a loss of customers and revenue.
ARE SIMILAR MEASURES TAKEN IN OTHER COUNTRIES?
These measures are part of the energy saving plan proposed by the European Union, which envisages that European countries will reduce their energy consumption by 15%, with the exception of Spain and Portugal, which have it due to the so-called “Iberian exception”.
The situation in Spain, which is not so dependent on energy supply from Russia, differs from other countries that have taken different measures but do not yet have defined regulations.
France has enacted a ban on neon signs after 1am, while Germany (which gets a third of its gas from Russia) is pushing for compliance with a number of recommendations, such as: B. limiting the temperature, while the cities and regions of the Germanic country are already taking measures of their own. Other nations that are directly dependent on Russian energy, such as Italy, the Czech Republic or Poland, do not yet have a defined energy saving strategy.