In the current situation where the world is plunged into problems of war, violence and social conflicts, the number of refugees has increased to 7%, according to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).
The number of refugees is increasing
At the end of 2021, this figure on the planet stood at 271 million people, an increase of 26.4 million more compared to 2020.
The United States, the most requested country
There is no doubt that the United States is the country that has more asylum applications in the world.
A large number of individuals seek to enter the Stars and Stripes nation, with the intention of run away from social and economic problems that occur within their borders, in addition to the fact that they have suffered or fear persecution for reasons of race, nationality or political and/or religious ideals.
According to Silvia Garduño, UNHCR communications officer in Mexico, last year, The United States had 188,900 applications, topping the list. Behind are Germany, with 148,200 processes, and Mexico, which has 132,700 petitions.
What is the shelter?
Although it is confused with the asylum, the refuge has its particular characteristics, among which:
- It is granted to people who are outside the United States.
- It is provided to individuals of special humanitarian interest to the United States.
- You are eligible for admission to the United States.
- You have not resettled in a third country.
Unlike asylum applications, which are made in the United States or at its ports of entry into the country, asylum applications are lodged outside.
To seek protection, they must be referred by an organization or government agency to the United States Refugee Admissions Program (USRAP).
Although several agencies can put you in touch with the USRAP, it is recommended that you contact the UNHCR.
After this step, a interview abroad by a United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) officer, who determines whether they are eligible for refugee resettlement.
If the request is approved, a medical exam to determine that they have no risk diseases for people who already live in the Land of Stars and Stripes.