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Tuesday, May 24, 2022

The most important questions and answers about the 2022 time change

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Since 1980 there is summer and winter time in Germany. This weekend the clock will return to daylight saving time. The EU Commission actually wanted to change that and abolish the time change, but there are problems.

When is the time change in 2022? Will it be early or late?

The clocks will be at night. presented from Saturday to Sunday from 2 am to 3 pm. So Sunday is 60 minutes shorter; that also means one less hour of sleep. At the same time, it remains light for another hour from Sunday night.

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How do you remember if the clock is moving forward or backward?

There are mnemonics. Here are four well-known examples:

  • In spring you put the garden furniture In front the door. In autumn you put them back in the shed
  • In summer temperatures are Plus-area, so Introduce. In winter temperatures are lessarea, so Restart.
  • The 2-3-2 rule: In spring, the hours are set from 2 am to 3 am. In autumn from 3 a.m. to 2 a.m.
  • the summer is warm then something positive, so imagine. Winter cold then negativeso give it back.

How long has the time change been?

In the German Empire there has only been one uniform time since 1893. At that time, the so-called Central European Time was set. In conection with the two world wars was 1916-1919 and 1940-1949 however, it introduced its own daylight saving time, mainly so that daylight could be better used in agriculture and the arms industry.

Between 1950 and 1979 Germany did not turn clocks. Only in the wake of the oil crisis did both German states reintroduce daylight saving time to save energy. In 1996 the different summer time regulations were standardized in the European Union. Since then, Germany changes its clocks from the end of March to the end of October.

How did the debate on the abolition of the time change arise?

For years, polls have shown that the time change is highly unpopular in many European countries. That is why the EU Commission, in order to demonstrate its ability to act and be close to the citizen ahead of the 2019 European elections, An online survey launched in the EU in 2018. 84 percent of the approximately 4.6 million participants, including 3 million Germans, were in favor of abolishing the time change. Most people voted for permanent daylight saving time.

What was the political result of this?

Consequently, the Commission proposed to end the time change in Europe and let the member states decide whether they want to have winter or summer time permanently. Specifically, the European Union planned this starting in 2018, and the EU Commission submitted a corresponding bill. The European Parliament even agreed, but postponed the end of the planned time change from 2019 to 2021. In fact, member states disagreed and put the plans on hold..

Jean-Claude Juncker, former President of the European Commission, checks his watch at the end of a press conference.Photo: dpa/Virginia Mayo/AP

Is there a patchwork quilt after the time change is suppressed?

The central problem of the EU discussion is a disagreement on which time should prevail: the so-called normal time, that is, the winter time that is now ending, or the summer time. At the same time, observers fear that Europe will once again become a patchwork quilt. different time zones between Greece in the east and Portugal in the west could return – which would create new obstacles for the economy, traffic and daily life across borders.

Could a half hour commitment work?

The “Berliner Morgenpost” recently reported on a compromise proposal with a half-hour time change. The deputy leader of the Social Democrats in the EU Parliament, Biljana Borzan from Croatia, suggested this to the EU Commission.

So it would always be 12:30 p.m. when the sun is at its highest, and not 12 p.m. in winter and 1 p.m. in summer as before. However, the chances of success with half an hour should tend towards zero.

Why is the time change so controversial?

Critics argue that the twice-a-year switch disrupts the biorhythms of humans and cattle. comparable to a mini-jet lag. This leads to health problems for many people, especially sleep disturbances and difficulty concentrating. According to a new DAK survey, 27 percent of respondents said they had had health problems due to the time change.

Even children often find it difficult, their rhythm is greatly disturbed. You can read what parents can do on T+ [Kinder leiden unter der Zeitumstellung: Wie der Familienalltag nicht aus der Bahn gerät]

And the issue of energy consumption?

Daylight saving time was introduced in Germany in 1980 to save energy. The scientists point out that the time change, contrary to what was initially supposed, does not contribute to energy saving: Although less electricity is actually used for lighting in summer, it gets hotter in the morning hours in spring and fall.

Does the time change increase the risk of accidents?

The time change can be dangerous for wild animals and, consequently, also for drivers. Deer and other game animals are active after dark and prefer to cross streets after dark. Since after the time change, the morning rush hour between 6 and 7 am falls in the twilight, there is an increased risk of collision.

An altered biorhythm with associated drowsiness or lack of concentration may also increase the risk of accidents in relation to prolonged darkness in the morning.

If you get tired while driving, you should do the following:

  • Take a 10-20 minute break
  • Take a nap during break or
  • Combine rest with exercise

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