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Sánchez confirms that the government will appoint its members of the constitution in September

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The President of the Government, Pedro Sánchez, confirmed this Monday that in September the Executive will elect the judges of the Constitutional Court who will correspond to him in the renewal. At a press conference in Tirana, Albania, where he was appearing with Albanian Prime Minister Edi Rama, he was asked if he already had the names of the judges, a question he did not comment on. The president has again called on the PP to unlock the renewal of the General Council of the Judiciary (CGPJ), which accumulates more than 1,000 days as the mandate expires. “If a party qualifies as constitutionally qualified, it must comply with the constitution every day of the year, not when it suits it, and that is why I call on the largest opposition party to comply with the constitution after more than 1,000 days and the Authorize renewal of the judiciary,” he demanded. At the end of his trip to the Balkans, the President had a dispute with Albania over Kosovo’s independence.

During the performance, Sánchez was “convinced” that the judiciary would appoint its members in September and comply with the PSOE’s proposal in Congress to force the governing body of judges to appoint the judges of the Constitutional Court who correspond to him before September 13. “I am convinced that the General Council of the Judiciary will abide by the law and will therefore submit the names and a proposal for the renewal of the judges of the Constitutional Court. Of course, as said, the government will do this in September,” he added.

Although Spain still has 11 months to take over the EU Council Presidency and will not join the joint troika until January 1, which will join the Czech Republic and Sweden to steer the European club in the first half of 2023 Pedro Sánchez already in the union leader’s outfit Wrapped in it, he traveled to five countries in the Western Balkans in 72 hours: Serbia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Montenegro, North Macedonia and Albania. The message he left in all is the same: the invasion of Ukraine has caused the EU’s gates, which have been slammed shut for years, to open a crack, and the Balkan countries must seize this opportunity to step over them before they close again . Spain, confirmed this Monday in Tirana together with Albanian Prime Minister Edi Rama, is ready to support them.

It is not yet known whether Sánchez will have to co-chair a summit like the one the EU and Balkan countries held in Brussels last June, but it is known that he will have to keep pushing for progress under the Spanish presidency Process which, although unlocked, is far from its peak. The most important push was the agreement on July 20 to start talks on the accession of North Macedonia and Albania, although both countries had already been admitted as candidates since 2005 and 2014 respectively. The fast lane for Ukraine and Moldova in the face of the threat from Moscow has forced the EU to resume two dead candidatures.

Sánchez has urged the leaders of the five countries to accelerate reforms to meet the requirements demanded by the EU, promising them with a wink that Spain will stand by him when it asks Brussels for flexibility. The most delicate case is Bosnia-Herzegovina, the only one that does not yet have the status of a candidate country. Beneath the apparent calm conveyed by the sight of the rebuilt Ottoman bridge in Mostar, blown up and teeming with tourists during the war that devastated the country three decades ago, inter-ethnic tensions remain latent. The elections scheduled for October 2 are exacerbating the ultra-nationalist discourses and even if the blood does not reach the Neretva river again, it will be very difficult for the three communities (Serbs, Croats and Bosnians) to agree on the establishment of the common institutions and to commit to the reforms demanded by the EU. Sánchez has warned that the Russian invasion of Ukraine should not be used as a pretext to “postpone the resolution of conflicts frozen in time”.

Independence of Kosovo

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Not far away, in northern Kosovo, riots have been repeated this weekend over the highly delayed decision by the Pristina authorities to impose on the Serb minority the use of license plates and travel documents of the self-proclaimed republic. NATO troops stationed in the former Serbian province since 1999 have threatened to intervene to stop the violence. In Tirana, where his trip to the Balkans ended, Sánchez repeated twice, not without apologizing to his hosts, that Spain believes that Kosovo’s unilateral independence violates international law. The Albanian prime minister has downplayed the discrepancy but stressed that Spain had “its own reasons” (implying that it was responding to internal political problems) for not recognizing Kosovo, whose population is predominantly Albanian and whose government he said , let it be “100%”.

The problem is that in the scenario of international reorganization envisioned after the invasion of Ukraine, there is no room for blanks; Y. If the Union leaves a hole in the Balkans, Russia will fill it. Moscow has never neglected its traditional friendship with Belgrade, and Putin has sealed a beneficial gas deal with President Alexandar Vucic while turning off the faucet for his NATO customers. In return, Serbia refuses to support sanctions against Moscow, despite condemning the invasion of Ukraine before the United Nations. Allied intelligence believes that Bosnian Serb leader Dodic is being used as a pawn by Moscow to destabilize the fragile state structures that emerged from the 1995 Dayton peace accords. “Because Russia has enough power to bring back the war in the Balkans, we must persevere in making peace,” stressed Edi Rama.

The game being played in this corner of south-eastern Europe is not only economic but also strategic, and Sánchez as the future rotating President of the EU; She is committed to anchoring the Balkans in the community project as quickly as possible and blocking the way to Russian penetration. That’s the general idea, but then each country plays with its interests and has its own red lines: Greece and Bulgaria have forced Macedonia to change its name and constitution, while Spain refuses to recognize Kosovo’s independence until it does an unlikely deal with Serbia.

Source elpais.com

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