Werner Heisenberg, pioneer of quantum mechanics, said somewhere that our language is unable to express the processes that happen inside atoms because the word combinations we use day to day are limited to expressing the experiences of everyday life express.
For the latter, the only way to describe the behavior of atoms is through fiction, with stories invented in the manner of Paul Auster, where everything seemingly uncalculated responds to a plan devised by the invisible particles that underlie the real world. There is a common thread that takes us from ancient, say, pre-Socratic times to modern-day Brooklyn, where Auster’s characters move following the revelations of chance whose dynamic structure guides their steps. let’s remember
We can imagine Leucippus together with his pupil Democritus at the end of the 5th century BC. imagine. C, overlooking the Mediterranean Sea, on the Abdera coast. They discuss the possibility of breaking down a strand of hair into smaller and smaller pieces, concluding that they would end up finding the smallest particle that is invisible to the eye but retains all the properties of the original strand. In this way the atomistic theory would be born, which considers a sea whose smallest drop contains the taste of the whole sea.
In the 17th century, another philosopher, in this French case Pierre Gassendi, took up the thread of this pre-Socratic conversation between Democritus and his teacher and led it to Catholicism, where God first created the world atomic model. . Believing it was a matter of faith, both religious and scientific. However, Gassendi’s theory left Democritus and the first atomists behind, for while for them the atom was infinite because it was divisible to all eternity, for Gassendi the atom was finite and indivisible.
His work was so important to science that Gassendi revived the theory of invisible particles that underlie the visible world. From that moment the study of the atom is started in a significant way. Names like Daniel Bernoulli, a Dutch mathematician who lived in the 18th century, or his contemporary scientists like Henry Cavendish or the chemist Antoine Lavoisier, will describe the composition of gases, the invisible rods and spheres that make up the air we breathe. investigate , with This will lay the basis for the formula of the composition of matter that John Dalton (1766-1844) will discover and from which will emerge the chemical theory on which modern chemistry is based.
From here, the speed of knowledge takes us to the end of the 19th century with the discovery of the electron, when it was concluded that the atom is not an indivisible particle and that the particles that make it up are straight particles smaller particle. . In 1898 the first atomic structure model was proposed, known as the raisin cake, where the electrons are the raisins. A few years later, British physicist Ernest Rutherford proposed that the atom resembles a tiny solar system in which the sun is the nucleus around which the electrons revolve. Niel Bohr (1885-1962), a Danish physicist, completed the model by showing the orbits of the electrons. This atomic model only worked when it came to explaining the hydrogen atom. Since this did not lead to other atoms, it became necessary to correct the model, since Max Born (1882-1970) speculated about the cloud of electrons around the nucleus, as if these, the electrons, formed a density-varying mosquito cloud, with the nucleus empty.
This image of the atom is the one that is maintained today and it is the one that attacks us now to lead us to Brooklyn where our favorite author is another character in his novels; Stories where the basic laws of nature are as incomprehensible as real life, where language cannot express the pain when the pain is infinite.
the stone axe It is a passage in which Montero Glez, with a prosaic will, exerts his particular siege on scientific reality to show that science and art are complementary forms of knowledge.