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Wednesday, July 6, 2022

Macron faces the difficult task of governing a France without an absolute majority

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The Mélenchon bloc will table a motion of no confidence in the government on July 5

Le Pen resigns from the national association chairmanship to devote time to leading the group


The results of the general elections held in France on Sunday put the country’s President, Emmanuel Macron, in a delicate situation: making a concerted effort to gain support and be able to govern a country without an absolute majority and amid the severe slump in government left in parliament .

Although Macron and his centre-right allies remain the list with the most votes and have avoided appointing France Insoumise leader Jean-Luc Mélenchon as the country’s prime minister, the Chamber will be the scene of deep political fragmentation in to be an unprecedented case in the history of the Fifth Republic.

With 244 MPs, the “Macronista” coalition must collectively face the left, grouped by Mélenchon in a single candidacy under the name New Popular Ecologist and Social Union (known as Nupes), and the far-right National Group who are doing so are the main opposition forces with 131 and 89 seats respectively.

Macron and his centrist allies would have to join forces to push through their projects and regulations, either by forming a governing coalition or gathering the necessary votes each time, which could lead to an alliance with the moderate Republican right. .

This scenario requires greater commitment from the parties to implement the government’s agenda, and the formation of a coalition could mean that some portfolios remain in the hands of competing parties in favor of cooperation.

However, there are already many voices calling for the dissolution of the National Assembly, particularly among deputies from Francia Insumisa and Agrupación Nacional, which previously had only eight seats. For its part, the left bloc did not hesitate to announce that it would table a motion of no confidence in the government on July 5.

The MPs elected this Sunday will officially take office this Wednesday before the legislative session begins on June 28, the date on which the President of the Chamber will be elected. French politicians have one week to finalize their positions on the formation of possible alliances.

The left alliance was the big winner and became the main opposition group, although many lamented the advance of Marine Le Pen’s party and feared an alliance between Macron and the right, particularly on social issues.


The national association has achieved almost 90 seats, a result not even its chairman expected and ten times higher than the 2017 result. “You can’t imagine the emotions I feel,” Le Pen said after reading the results had heard.

In this sense, he promised an opposition that would be “firm, responsible and respectful of the institutions” and “constructive”. “Our only aim is to work in the interests of France and the French people,” he proclaimed.

However, he has announced that he will not head the formation as he intends to “surrender to the leadership of the group”, as reported by the newspaper Le Figaro.

“According to the best calculations, we counted on 60 MPs. It is true that we are pleasantly surprised by the mobilization of our compatriots and by this hope that migration, insecurity and the fight against Islamism will not disappear from the National Assembly,” he said earlier, pointing out that his father, Jean- Marie Le Pen, has said he feels “very happy about the situation”.

These elections round off an electoral sequence that began in 2019 with the European elections and has left traces of the low level of French participation in the electoral processes.

With an abstention rate of 53.77 percent, the second round of the general election set a new record, deepening the institutional crisis the country is going through, which some analysts say stems from the “yellow vest” protests.

This illustrates the “apathy” of the French electorate, who, according to polls, no longer trust the head of state to the same extent, but who do not hope for greater success from the left-wing alliance where the current government has failed.


As the President had already warned, the election results have led to the resignation of several ministers from the Cabinet who have failed to renew their seats in Parliament, including Health Minister Brigitte Bourguignon, Secretary of State for the Sea Justine Bénin and Minister for ecological change, Amélie de Montchalin.

The future of Prime Minister Elisabeth Borne, who will face a motion of no confidence and could be forced to leave the government, remains open. Left-wing parties have already called for his resignation, affirming that his resignation is “logical” even though an absolute majority would be required for a motion of no confidence, which is unlikely given the new composition of Parliament.

Everything indicates that Macron and his alliance must work to regain lost control amid an uncertain panorama of national discord that could result in an ungovernable France.

Source europapress.es

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