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Sunday, February 5, 2023

Italy, pending Mario Draghi’s decision, will decide today whether to hold early elections

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This Wednesday, Italy must solve the severe government crisis that opened last Thursday. Prime Minister Mario Draghi will appear in the Senate this morning to give an account of the reasons that led him to hand in his resignation less than a week ago. Pressure on the former President of the European Central Bank not to step down has been intense in recent weeks and a majority of parliamentarians polled by this newspaper believe it will have had an impact. However, it is not known under what conditions Draghi will continue in office. This Wednesday afternoon, the Senate will vote on the vote of confidence, which should finally seal the peace. The same ritual will be repeated in the Chamber of Deputies on Thursday. If no early elections are called, the legislative period would end in the spring of next year.

The turbulence has intensified somewhat in the last few hours. Draghi, according to the sources consulted, seems more willing to listen to the parliamentarians’ replies and reconsider last Thursday’s impulsive decision. But it won’t be free. On Tuesday he met the President of the Republic, Sergio Mattarella, who has been working for the Prime Minister these days, to review his position. “The end result is clear in principle: Draghi will stay. But we don’t know how to get him,” says an influential Democratic Party legislator. “Resign? We are in a time of war and no matter how turbulent Italy is, a government crisis is not being provoked at the moment,” he stressed.

The Senate ritual will last all day and the crucial vote will not arrive until 6:30 p.m. We have to wait until Thursday to repeat the staging in the House of Representatives. However, the second part will be a formality if the Wednesday ritual is successfully completed. Hardly anyone doubts that a solution can be reached. But there are many questions about how the pieces fit together. Starting with the 5 Star Movement (M5S), the party that opened this crisis by evading the last vote of confidence.

Risk of excision in the M5S

That grilling They are on the verge of a new split that would break the camel’s back for the anti-system formation. A war has broken out in the last few hours between those who support government continuation and those who advocate slamming the door. Its leader, Giuseppe Conte, frightened by the situation he himself created that is throwing him into the abyss (no situation favors him), has begun to convince himself that he should vote for Draghi’s continuity. “If he leaves the government, he will starve. And when elections are called, it’s not even clear that he could be the candidate,” says a former MP cricket who now operates in the ranks of the party of Luigi Di Maio, Minister of Foreign Affairs and former leader of the M5S.

The last leg of the mess is the law. Matteo Salvini’s La Liga and Silvio Berlusconi’s Forza Italia are unhappy with the situation. A section of their parties, which is closer to the industry and the economic fabric of the North, demands responsibility. The most aggressive leadership cadres – from both parties – believe the elections at the end of September would be a great opportunity. Win. And to put their colleagues on the lists. The problem is that the right, particularly the European People’s Party-affiliated Forza Italia, now cannot afford to be photographed as the perpetrators of the overthrow of an executive in wartime. Even less with a recession just around the corner.

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Source elpais.com

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