Black October, as they called it, after an 11-day nationwide strike that marked the lives of Ecuadorians, where dozens of injuries and deaths were reported due to clashes between the indigenous movement and the police and armed forces.
On October 1, 2019, two days before the start of the shutdown, former President Lenín Moreno announced on national television a set of economic and labor measures, as part of an agreement between Ecuador and the Fund international monetary policy (IMF). It was an economic, social and labor flexibility adjustment.
What sparked the national strike was the removal of the fuel subsidy, which had been in place for 40 years. But a series of reforms aimed at reducing the tax pressure on economic groups, liberalizing trade, reducing the tax on the outflow of foreign currency on raw materials and more privatizations have also been added.
Carriers, especially in Quito, were the first to oppose Decree 883. On October 3, the traffic cutoff began in the capital. Then the leaders of Conaie announced their mobilization in the capital to join the protests and this was key because in the previous government the natives were not allowed to leave the communities.
On the night of October 7, the Comptroller General’s office was attacked and set on fire, a fact before which Pablo Celi, the former Comptroller, denied that it was an action of the indigenous movement and social organizations. On the Bridge of National Unity, a military and police headquarters was created as President Moreno moved to the city of Guayaquil where he made a national broadcast announcing the transfer of the seat of government to the city of Buenos Aires.
As the days went by, the arrival of the natives in Quito gradually took place. Until October 13, the capital received 15,000 members of the community, under the command of the chiefs James Vargasof Conaie, and Leonidas IsaPresident of the Indigenous and Peasant Movement of Cotopaxi who were in the Agora of the House of Culture.
The indigenous movement and the Mediator They speak of repression: 10 dead, 1,340 injured (people lost an eye) and 1,192 arrests. The UN and IACHR missions are looking into what happened with human rights. For her part, the former government minister, Marie-Paule Romoassured that two cases of possible abuse of police force were being investigated.
On Sunday 13, the curfew continued. Without violence, the third act was given: negotiation. Conaie and the government sat down at a table; everything was broadcast on television. At 10:03 p.m., the President Lenin Moreno announced the repeal of Executive Order 883 and the installation of a commission that would prepare a new executive order to replace it.
The strike lasted 11 days.