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Wednesday, July 6, 2022

Food security in the time of “Korukraine”

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Are we going to have the second decade of the second millennium of this century, bringing with it two global crises that have prolonged the severity and expansion of international stability as a whole? No people was spared from the negative repercussions of the Corona pandemic, and no country was spared from the direct or indirect effects of the war in Ukraine.
Perhaps the most dangerous and most prominent repercussions of what we can call the “Kurukrainian” time are evident in the level of food security, since the countries of the world resorted, in the face of the Corona pandemic, to something like self-isolation. closing airports and interrupting internal and external transport, as a result of the Russo-Ukrainian war, Mucho was forced to face a crisis whose main title is the high prices of energy sources, and the shortage of basic components of food security, such as wheat, corn, vegetable oils and others produced by the two parties to the conflict and neighboring countries.

As soon as the entry of Russian forces into the two separatist regions of eastern Ukraine began, there was talk that the price of a barrel of crude oil would cross the threshold of 100 dollars, with the expectation that it would reach 300 dollars in the event that the conflict expanded in Europe and perhaps worldwide, and as soon as Western sanctions began to take effect on the Russian economy and its banking system, its effects even the fear of the outbreak of a third world war in which it uses, in addition to nuclear weapons, the role of energy supplies and raw materials, which began its harbinger by warning Moscow not to take the step of stopping the flow of gas through the “Nord Stream” gas pipelines, which supply the old continent with 40 percent of its gas needs.

On the other hand, if the war in Ukraine is prolonged or widened, the world will officially cross the threshold of fear to officially enter the stage of food crisis, especially in poor countries suffering from difficult natural conditions such as drought, shortage of agricultural land, or suffering from mismanagement, corruption and monopoly negatively affect its food stock, and that is why Germany, which chairs the Group of Seven major industrial countries this year, will receive the agriculture ministers of the countries of the group with the aim of discussing the impact of the Ukraine crisis on food security, and discussing how best to achieve stability in European and world food markets, especially as Russia Ukraine are two of the world’s largest grain exporters , and its wheat exports, for example, account for nearly a quarter of world supply.

In this context, it is no secret that the Arab countries in general are among the most affected by the decisions taken by the Russian and Ukrainian authorities to prevent the export of grains, agricultural products and food, this reality is the high price of oil , since the availability of cash in oil-producing countries does not mean that they can easily obtain their food and agricultural needs, which will be subject to fierce international competition reminiscent of the intense competition for medical and preventive materials related to the Corona pandemic, without Mention the impact of global supply lines and shipping movement with expanding Military Operations Unit scope.

What is happening in the world in this period, although it is very serious, is not new, the fragments of the two world wars have already affected the political, social and economic structure of most of the countries of the world, and the peoples of the earth has suffered extensive and severe economic crises, of which we remember the Great Depression of 1929 and the financial crisis of 2008, but the main difference between one country and another, and one people and another, is evident in how to face the crisis and the amount of success in capitalizing on its lessons, and moving from the darkness of reality to the bright future, that made all the difference to modern Germany, which quickly rose from defeat in two world wars to overpower the more victorious victors. powerful. and registered her name in the register of the world’s largest economies.

As long as the need for food is equal to, and perhaps more important than, the people’s need for energy, a fateful question arises about global trends in dealing with food security negatively affected by the Corona pandemic and the Ukraine crisis, What is it, the trend of “self-sufficiency” scales and perhaps becomes an approach of isolation of countries and peoples? Or will the “globalization” imposed by the system of unilateralism not allow transitory circumstances to shake it?

In times of Corona, and under the pressure of the need to guarantee the health security of its people, Europe turned its back on Italy’s urgent need for beds and medical and preventive supplies to face the pandemic, which affected it more than to other neighboring countries. and thus the discourse that before the pandemic is not the same as after it at the level of bilateral and European relations was repeated.

And what is similar to the painful yesterday to the bloody day, like the finger-biting battle that took place between countries and societies in their fight against the new Corona epidemic, shows its teeth again at the time of the Ukrainian crisis, with the that it is feared that the increase in economic collapses and the control of human famines in the face of the notable deterioration of international relations.

The correct handling of the emerging crises in the time of the “Korean” will only be by making good use of the Chinese style, which has proven its effectiveness and seriousness in dealing with the Corona pandemic, which left its cities and quickly besieged them. , and firmly overcame it associated with the good management of the crisis and the lack of need from abroad, whose political bill is usually Economic and financial resources are far superior to the capacities of weak peoples and small States.

Food security is an urgent and sustainable need for our societies, and ensuring it is inevitably linked to deliberate plans to increase the area of ​​agricultural land, use water, fertilizer and organic waste efficiently, and reduce food waste while The rapid demographic growth represented by successful agriculture, pioneering industry and thoughtful commercial exchange is controlled, preserving as much as possible natural resources and their good investment and rationalization in their use. Is there an administration that listens to and understands the peoples? ?!

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