Ramos was President of the Philippines from 1992 to 1998.
MADRID, July 31 (EUROPA PRESS) –
Former Philippine President Fidel Ramos, a key man in overthrowing dictator Ferdinand Marcos in 1986 when he was police chief, died this Sunday at the age of 94, according to public network PTV.
Ramos, a career soldier, unknowingly started the people power revolution in 1986 when he was chief of the National Police and barricaded himself inside the police headquarters in Manila with the population protecting the building to prevent a military attack after a call from a Catholic cardinal.
The detention wanted to denounce the electoral fraud with which Marcos wanted to stay in power and which led to the overthrow of the dictatorial regime.
After the revolt, Ramos was chief of staff of the first pro-democracy government led by Corazón Aquino, widow of opponent Benigno Aquino Jr., who was assassinated during the Marcos regime.
In 1992, Ramos won the first presidential election held under the new democratic constitution, which is still in effect, and is credited with the rapid economic growth that followed, interrupted by the 1997 Southeast Asian economic crisis.
Ramos was born on March 18, 1928 in Lingayén, in the province of Pangasinán, north of the capital. He was the son of the diplomat Narciso and the teacher Ángela. He graduated from West Point Military Academy in 1950 and completed his education with degrees in civil engineering, national security and business administration, according to the Ramos Foundation.
He joined the army and was on reconnaissance missions and in the special forces. He rose through the ranks until 1972, when he was appointed chief of the Philippine Police Force. Three years later he was also appointed Director General of the National Police.
He was the first Protestant president of the Philippines, a Catholic-majority country, to sign a new military accord with the United States after President Aquino sponsored the expulsion of the US Army from the country in 1991.
In 1996, Ramos reached a peace agreement with the Moro National Liberation Front, ending 25 years of conflict and strengthening economic ties with Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei.
In 1997, Corazón Aquino, Cardinal Jaime Sin, managed to prevent Ramos from reforming the constitution to seek re-election through protests.
Even after the end of his term, he remained influential and was one of the first to encourage the then mayor of Davao, Rodrigo Duterte, to run for the 2016 presidential election. He was Duterte’s special envoy for China, but later distanced himself from the president and said he was “very disappointed”.