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Delaying the retirement age may increase the risk of dying between the ages of 60 and 69, according to Fedea

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The one-year delay in leaving the labor market can “significantly increase” the risk of dying between the ages of 60 and 69 by five percentage points, according to the conclusions of the study “The impact of rent age on mortality”. published this Monday by the Foundation for Applied Economics Studies (Fedea).

The analysis focuses on a sample of people who started paying contributions in 1966 and 1967 and compares them to those who started paying between one year before and one year after January 1, 1967, the year the contributory age was changed. started paying the premium. Early retirement in Spain based on the date workers started contributing to the social security system.

The study concludes that the risk of death affects more physically demanding occupations and those exposed to greater emotional and psychological stress, while it is lower in the case of workers who have access to semi-retirement mechanisms and can reduce their working hours after a certain age .

In particular, workers in this study who began paying contributions after January 1967 “are 2.5 percentage points more likely to die before claiming a pension.”

The analysis published by Fedea also looks at other variables that can influence the “detrimental effect” of postponing retirement, such as physical workload, psychosocial workload, self-esteem at work and level of professional skills.

For example, the increase in mortality among employees in sectors with a high incidence of accidents at work is greater.

It is also increased in people who are exposed to psychological and social stress before retirement. In these cases, the risk of death between the ages of 60 and 69 is 5.3 percentage points higher for people in occupations with a high psychosocial burden, and 3.6 percentage points higher for employees in occupations with a low psychosocial burden.

Likewise, work recognition and a sense of accomplishment affect the likelihood of dying earlier in the event of late retirement. In this case, the risk of death increases among workers in industries with low self-esteem.

Fedea also points out in this analysis that a one-year delay in leaving the labor market increases the risk of death by 6.6 percentage points for blue-collar, blue-collar, blue-collar, or mechanic workers. In other occupations, this risk is 3.2 points.

Given this situation, Fedea recommends combining flexible retirement with an increase in the statutory retirement age as “a good policy to mitigate the costs” this entails for the public health system, as well as allowing early retirement in physically or mentally demanding areas. .

Source europapress.es

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