Cuban poet, essayist and researcher Fina García-Marruz Badía, a prominent figure in Hispanic-American literature, has died at the age of 99 in Havana, her hometown, Cuban cultural institution Casa de las Américas reported. García-Marruz, “one of the most extraordinary poetic voices in Latin American literature”, according to this institution, touched on different genres in his work and his poems have been translated into several languages. His work has also won important literary awards, such as the 2011 Reina Sofía Prize for Ibero-American Poetry; the city of Granada Federico García Lorca, the same year; or her country’s National Prize for Literature, which she was the second woman to receive in 1990.
Born in the Cuban capital in 1923, she was a member of the group of Cuban intellectuals associated with the magazine origin, founded by José Lezama Lima who was heavily influenced by Federico García Lorca and Juan Ramón Jiménez. A generation of poets that “was not a literary group but a family” as explained by her son, the musician José María Vitier, when she won the Reina Sofía, which she was unable to collect in Madrid due to her advanced age. The magazine and the Orígenes group built bridges between Cuba and the best of Spanish literature. “The most intense relationship my mother has with a country after Cuba is Spain. There is part of his poetic work in which he responds to the Spanish incitement. He is also present at his rehearsals through Bécquer and Quevedo,” added his son.
García-Marruz, author of poetry of religious and intimate feelings in Castro’s Cuba, received her doctorate in social sciences in 1961 and published her first book, poemsin 1942. As a literary scholar at the José Martí National Library in Cuba, she also worked at the Center for Mars Studies in the team responsible for the critical edition of the Complete Works the Cuban politician and writer. Little known in Spain, among its titles stand out, visits (1970), travel to nicaragua (1987) and Charlotte Credits (1990). As a Catholic writer in Castro’s Cuba, she once declared that “writing with living silence” was her thing.
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