To: 20/07/2022 19:05
On the 78th anniversary of the assassination attempt on Hitler, speakers recalled the courage of the women and men involved. Dictatorships thrive when democracies are not careful, Belarusian opposition leader Tichanovskaya has warned.
On the 78th anniversary of the failed assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler, the Federal Government and the Berlin Senate paid tribute to the resistance movement against National Socialism.
On July 20, 1944, a bomb attack by the officers around Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg failed. Around 200 accomplices and relatives were subsequently executed.
Scholz admires courage
“78 years ago today, the men and women around Colonel Stauffenberg risked their lives to overthrow Hitler’s regime,” Chancellor Olaf Scholz wrote on Twitter.
“I admire their courage and that of all those who opposed the Nazis. Their sacrifice obliges us to always defend democracy,” said the SPD politician.
Habeck sees the “blind spot”
In the welcome speech at the ceremony at the Plötzensee memorial, Vice-Chancellor and Federal Minister for Economic Affairs Robert Habeck called for a greater focus on the countries of Eastern Europe. The speech was read by Secretary of State Anja Hajduk because the green politician is still in corona isolation.
According to Habeck, there is a “blind spot” in Germany: “The insufficient reminder that it was above all the peoples of Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, the Baltic States and the western regions of Russia who fell under the dictatorship and the National Socialist policy of annihilation suffered.”
Tichanovskaya: parallels between Hitler and Lukashenko
Belarusian opposition politician Svetlana Tichanovskaya said the federal government should remain tough on Russian President Vladimir Putin. She was the keynote speaker at the ceremony.
“Dictatorships thrive when democracies are not careful,” Tichanovskaya said, referring to Britain’s policy of making sweeping concessions to Hitler in order to keep the peace.
The opposition politician drew parallels between the resistance against Hitler and the resistance in her authoritarian home country against leader Alexander Lukashenko. Belarus has become a prison, she explained. Tichanovskaya’s husband has been in solitary confinement for two years, he is a political prisoner like more than 1,000 others. Tichanovskaya draws her strength from the memory of resistance, of the fight against dictatorships: “Civil courage is timeless and knows no bounds.
Lederer: Vulnerable Democracy
Berlin Mayor Franziska Giffey, like Habeck, was unable to attend the ceremony due to a corona infection and was represented by Culture Senator Klaus Lederer.
The left-wing politician recalled that 89 women and men were “victims of Nazi criminal justice” on July 20 in Plötzensee. Nearly 3,000 people were executed at the former execution site between 1933 and 1945.
“The task for all of us to take responsibility for our democracy is one of the enduring lessons of the Nazi dictatorship,” Lederer said. He underlined how vulnerable democracy is.
Bottom: Right to disobey orders
At the swearing-in ceremony for 400 recruits in Berlin, Bundestag President Bärbel Bas stressed that Bundeswehr soldiers had the right to refuse illegal orders.
“Obedience ends where there is injustice, where the orders come from a recognized criminal regime,” the SPD politician said. “The Basic Law provides for a right of resistance against anyone who undertakes to abolish the constitutional order in Germany.”
With information from Barbara Kostolnik, ARD capital studio