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Climate: Saharan dust causes increased fine dust pollution

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The dust of the Sahara has Europe and Germany firmly in its hands, but the desert air also gives us the hottest day of 2022. For the first time we passed the 20 degree mark this year, in the southwest until 21 or 22 degrees. they are possible

Saharan dust in the center of Munich. (Image: Sven Hoppe/dpa)

Meteorologist Dominik Jung, managing director of the Q.met meteorological service, explains to the weather portal wetter.net that the dust from the Sahara currently reaches us with an air current from the southwest. Yesterday there was even blood rain from the center of Germany. This means that the rain has washed away the dust, turning it brown.

The dust concentration was so high that there are images of a brown to yellow sky over southern Germany. There was even blood snow in the Alps, the dust fell on the existing snow cover and turned it reddish. Such a strong concentration of Saharan dust over Germany does not happen very often. However, dust doesn’t just move high in the atmosphere.

Possible respiratory problems for sensitive people

Today, tomorrow and Friday the concentration of dust near the ground will also increase. Dust particles reach the lower layers and increase fine dust contamination. Sensitive people will feel this especially today and sometimes they have breathing problems. For everyone else, the powder evokes wonderful color games. The sun shines with particularly beautiful colors, especially in the morning and at night: the dust particles scatter and refract the light, creating a variety of color effects.

And the airflow that brings the dust from the Sahara has another positive effect: it also brings with it masses of warm air. Even if it rains again in the west and northwest tomorrow, this could be the last rain until the end of March. As meteorologist Jung explains: “As of Friday a mega-high will build up over the Baltic Sea. The air pressure in the center of the high will reach 1052 hectopascals. That would be extremely high, the normal pressure is around 1013 hectopascals.” This indicates that “This maximum should be very stable. It will bring lots of sunshine starting Friday and well into next week. From 10 to 12 hours of sun per day. It could be the sunniest and driest March since 1881.”

This will continue in the next few days

Wednesday: 12 to 22 degrees, warmer on the Rhine, dry, some clouds

Thursday: 10 to 17 degrees, some rain in the northwest, otherwise nice and dry

Friday: 10 to 15 degrees, lots of sun

Saturday: 10 to 16 degrees, lots of sun

Sunday: 11 to 15 degrees, lots of sun

Monday: 10 to 15 degrees, sunny

Tuesday: 12 to 17 degrees, sunny

Wednesday: 14 to 22 degrees, lots of sun

Thursday: 16 to 22 degrees, lots of sun

Friday: 16 to 23 degrees, lots of sun

From Friday the sun will start at its peak, next week up to 12 hours of sun every day. March has rarely been so beautiful. It will be dry again and the risk of forest fires will reach higher values ​​again next Saturday and Sunday. In addition, we have to count on a very high pollen count. More than 12 million allergy sufferers will not be happy.

The beginning of a year of drought?

“It is not yet possible to say how long the high air pressure will last. Current trends indicate that it will remain pleasant until the end of the month. Only then the climatic situation could change again. But all that is uncertain. A new one begins the year of the drought in Germany? That cannot be said yet, but if this stable high-pressure climatic situation could be generated again and again, this would be very possible,” sums up climate expert Jung.

In the video: Surreal spectacle of nature – The dust of the Sahara moves through Spain


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