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Sunday, July 3, 2022

And after the EBAU, what?

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Employability or Vocation? According to the university office of the University-Enterprise Foundation, eight out of ten students who pass the EBAU this year will choose a course that corresponds to their professional opportunities. A criterion that takes us straight to the engineering and architecture and health science professions that are higher employability (with 92.4 and 88.4%), followed by those related to law and social sciences (88.3), while it distances us from degrees in science and humanities (with 80.9 and 78.4 employment rates). . But should the job market be the final selection criterion? “I would tell that student who has just finished selectivity and who still has doubts to think about what he likes first. That may sound very romantic, but it is also critical… In the end, it will be your job and your life,” says Víctor Briones, Vice-Rector for Studies at the Complutense University from Madrid.

So vocation? Neither, because, he points out, “employability is dynamic, and a degree that has a wonderful employment rate now (those with a technology base, for example) may have changed a lot in four or five years, or have a Curriculum that is outdated. For Briones, it is also convenient to take other objective aspects into account, such as: B. the positions of the various degrees in the rankings, the existence of agreements and conventions for external internships in companies, or a certain degree of internationalization that allows the student to complete some semesters in universities outside Spain.

Careers with more employability

A look at the labor market shows the extent to which the pandemic continues to drive demand for skills. In 2021, and for the second year in a row, healthcare-related careers increased their weight in job vacancies the most, becoming the most sought-after (46.96%) for the first time, nearly doubling the number of the previous year, driven by both from the need to cover the victims caused by the health crisis as well as to alleviate the lack of human resources in hospitals and health centers. Medicine (and biomedicine) became the major with the most career prospects (13.41% of the offerings), followed by Nursing, which was 7th two years ago (12.42%), and Administration and Business Administration (5th place). .36%). , as revealed by the Adecco Info employment report.

You complete the top 10 Graduates with a double degree from ADE and law, industrial engineering, computer science, physiotherapy, business and marketing, psychology and psychopedagogy as well as education and pedagogy. And with significantly increasing importance, all disciplines related to the digital transformation accelerated by the pandemic: data science, cybersecurity, artificial intelligence, augmented realities, mathematics and physics, and even other sectors such as animation, video games or digital design. Out of Autonomous Communities, four of them (Madrid, Andalusia, Catalonia and Castile and León) concentrate more than half (54.75%) of the vacancies for university students.

But these are not the only areas with good career prospects. “There is now a certain tendency to create transversal degrees, involving several faculties, which give these studies a multidisciplinary look and a versatility that is very much appreciated by employers,” explains Briones. “For example, degrees related to data science or forensics and receiving contributions from medicine, law, economics, political science, sociology or social work.” The Vice-Rector, who is also a veterinarian, also highlights the “tremendous employability” of anything food-related, not just in terms of nutrition and dietetics (that is, the part that has to do with people and the effect of it food), but also food science and technology (which deals with, among other things, its composition and properties, its processing, food biotechnology and quality management).

He knows all sides of the coin in detail.

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Challenging grades and job insecurity

A certain paradox must be pointed out here: the leading demand for university degrees in job offers does not guarantee good working conditions. This applies to the two professions mentioned above, medicine and nursing, whose access to the labor market does not come close to meeting the requirements that both courses entail. In 2019, according to Elisa Silió, 86.6% of doctors and 70.6% of biomedical doctors worked in precarious conditions, on scholarships, on fixed-term contracts, internships or emigrated to other countries four years after graduation, and since 2015 there have been fewer vacancies for MIRs than the number of applicants. Nurses, on the other hand, are faced with a chronic shortage of skilled workers and a heavy workload, which prompts many to pack their bags as well. On the other hand, 96.4% of dental graduates have permanent employment four years after graduation.

For Briones, the question arises as to whether “there isn’t a certain inflation of training centers that offer certain degrees and whether this inflation is not leading to training quality that needs improvement”. Visiting the university rankings can be a good way to ensure that the degrees on offer are of the highest quality, always bearing in mind that “people educated in institutions of high standards and quality tend to have a higher employability rating Another solution would be to reduce the number of students who obtain certain degrees, which does not depend exclusively on each university: “The Academic Organizing Authorities of each Autonomous Community should keep this issue in mind and make some decisions. You cannot offer the offer all the time expand, because later you will find yourself in a job market that cannot be expanded infinitely,” he claims.

Advice for the doubters

In view of the results of the EBAU and the uncertainty as to whether these are sufficient to achieve the minimum number of points required in the desired course, many students are still unsure in which course or even in which institution they will start their university journey. Exactly for them University Center u-tad has drawn up a number of recommendations that should be considered before deciding on one option or another:

  • identify your taste and preferences, your skills and inclinations and try to study a profession that will develop them.
  • Find out about what jobs match the level you are considering and try to visualize yourself doing them. There may be job profiles that you don’t even know about.
  • Look for references who develop this profession and talk to them to find out what their everyday life is like.
  • Choose a technical college in the industry in which you want to get involved and make sure that the training is up-to-date and of high quality.
  • Take your time for the analysis the new degrees that are on the market. Each year, universities update their catalog to respond to existing demand.
  • research the curriculum, the teachers and, if possible, the methodology they use.
  • Keep in mind employability of career.
  • If you have a margin attend a course or workshop related to the discipline that interests you.

The importance of an international perspective

Either because of the type of degree chosen (there are some that are the result of collaboration between institutions from different countries) or because you have chosen to participate in one of the university mobility programs (e.g. Erasmus) and in an international environment Living together over the years Higher education has a very positive effect on the personal and academic development of students: “It is always recommended for two reasons: On the one hand, from an academic point of view, because it is extreme to discover how to study and how to join other places learn valuable; Students who move to another country see this employability-oriented teaching as a different way of orienting teaching and focusing on vocational training. And then there’s the life experience, which I would say is even more important: learning to live for yourself,” Briones reflects.

The most famous option for this mobility is of course the Erasmus+ program, in which the 27 EU Member States and six other countries (Norway, Iceland, Turkey, Serbia, Liechtenstein and North Macedonia) participate, as well as the bilateral agreements between the different universities, the Americampus Scholarships (with Iberoamerica) and even a university mobility program within Spain (SECURE). However, there is also the option of opting for a degree program that consists of cooperation between universities in different countries, e.g. B. the future has arisen Degree in European Studies which will be taught in the coming year and enables its students to study for several semesters not only at one of the four study locations (Universidad Complutense de Madrid, KU Leuven in Belgium, Alma Mater Studiourum Università di Bolonia, Italy, and the Jagiellonian University in Kraków, Poland), but at one of the universities that are part of the One Europe alliance.

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