Status: 07/27/2022 00:41
Tunisia adopted the controversial new constitution with a large majority. 94.6% of citizens voted for the project – with a participation rate of only 28%. Lawyers fear the formation of a dictatorial regime.
According to preliminary figures, Tunisia’s controversial new constitution was adopted by a 94.6% majority in the referendum boycotted by the opposition. This was announced by the head of the electoral authority of Isie, Farouk Bouasker. The participation rate was just under 28%.
The introduction of a new constitution is part of a political restructuring led by President Kais Saied. The new constitution provides that the president can appoint and dismiss the government and judges, among others. He should also have the power to dissolve Parliament.
The opposition fears an authoritarian system
The opposition and non-governmental organizations fear that the North African country will revert to an authoritarian system following constitutional changes.
The Islamist Ennahda party and the secular PDL party had called for a boycott of Monday’s referendum, calling it an “illegal process” without consultation.
Lawyer Sadok Belaïd, to whom President Saïed had entrusted the drafting of the constitution, distanced himself from the final version. He said it could “pave the way for a dictatorial regime”.
The country is divided
A year ago, Saied dismissed the then head of government and forced parliament to suspend. Finally, he completely dissolves Parliament. The president has also dismissed dozens of judges for alleged corruption.
The country has since been divided between supporters and opponents of these measures. For months, there have been repeated protests for and against the president.
No supervisory authority for presidents
After the Arab uprisings of 2010, Tunisia was the only country in the region to successfully transition to democracy. However, the new constitution would destroy many democratic achievements.
The new constitution no longer provides for an authority that could control the president or even remove him from office. The constitutional referendum was therefore also seen as a decision on Saied’s former leadership.