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According to INE, the annual gross salary increased by 6.2% to EUR 24,248.78 in 2021

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The gross annual salary reached 24,248.78 euros in 2021, an increase of 6.2% over the previous year and 73.7% of the total, according to the results of the annual labor cost survey (EACL) published this Thursday by the National Institute of Statistics ( INE).

The INE explained in its statement that the data for 2021 are “distorted” by the support measures for workers and companies that remained in force throughout last year after the pandemic, albeit with a lower incidence than in 2020.

Thus, the workers covered by the Temporary Employment Ordinance (ERTE) continued to be part of the staff of their companies but were not paid with salaries but with social benefits provided directly by the State Public Employment Service (SEPE) and in some cases supplemented by the companies even.

So, comparing annual gross pay data for 2021 to pre-pandemic 2019, the increase is 3.4% in two years.

In terms of non-wage labor costs, social security contributions were the most important item at EUR 7,711.98 per employee, accounting for 23.4% of labor costs.

Wages and salaries plus social security contributions together accounted for 97.1% of gross costs.

In addition to salaries and contributions, 478.84 euros per year were attributable to social benefits (voluntary contributions to insurance and pension schemes, supplementary social benefits and social expenditure), 205.65 euros to termination benefits, 199.87 euros to other work-related expenses (dissolution benefits, Small devices and work clothes, transport to the workplace or personnel selection), 153.45 euros were for severance payments and 60.51 euros for vocational training.

In its statement, the INE highlights the fall in direct social benefits, which from 374.02
EUR per worker in 2020 to EUR 300.64 in 2021, due to lower costs of temporary incapacity and partial unemployment (supplements to SEPE benefits) for employees and the increase in severance pay (from EUR 153.45 in 2020 to EUR 205, 65 euros in 2021).

Likewise, gross labor costs per employee were EUR 32,906.63 in 2021, 5.6% more than in the previous year. Subtracting the subsidies and deductions received from the public administration gives a net expense of 32,710.70 euros, also with an increase of 5.6%.

According to the survey, the industry had the highest total net cost per worker in 2021 at €38,369, up 4.3% year-on-year, on a 4.5% increase in labor costs and 4.0% in ancillary costs – salary costs.

The construction sector saw the smallest increase in net costs, at 3.1% compared to 2020, due to the increase in labor costs by 2.6%. However, it had the highest growth in non-wage labor costs (4.4%).

For its part, the service sector had the lowest labor costs in 2021, albeit with the largest increase in net costs, 6.1% compared to the previous year, with increases of 6.8% in wage costs and 4.1% in non-salary costs.

The highest labor costs in 2021 were recorded in the Autonomous Community of Madrid (38,868.54 euros), the Basque Country (38,641.52 euros) and the Foral Community of Navarra (35,255.41 euros). In the opposite case, with the lowest costs are the Canary Islands (25,921.74 euros), Extremadura (26,324.37) and the Balearic Islands (28,922.45).

On the other hand, most centers (94.8%, corresponding to 87.0% of employees)
were regulated by collective agreements in 2021. Of all workers covered by a collective agreement, 3.2% saw their working conditions change compared to what was laid down in the reference collective agreement.

Source europapress.es

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